Goodbye to the magnificent Potala Palace, going south of the Himalayas is the Kathmandu valley with an average altitude above the sea level of 1500m. Kathmandu is a famous location of the country of Nepal, divided into two small cities: Patan and Bhaktapur. The Kathmandu Valley runs east – west with a total length of 32000m, the width North – south is 25000m. In the vicinity of the valley, many have been discovered, including the Durbar square, the religious populations of Pashupatinath, Swayambhunath, Baudhanath, Budhanilkantha, and to worship the Christian Indian named Changu Narayan. All of them are recognized as world cultural heritage.
Currently, Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal. With an area of over 50km2, Kathmandu was founded in 732 BC, initially taking the name “Kandy Poole” meaning “City of Light”. Historically, Kathmandu was once the royal capital and religious center. In the 19th century BC, king Richardson built the temple one pillar, becoming the center of the city. The city was later extended around the temple. In 1593, Kandy Poole renamed Kathmandu, meaning “one pillar pagoda”. The Kathmandu Valley is a arterial traffic line that connects China and India, so that Kathmandu has become the place of convergence of three religions: The Indian Catholic, Buddhism and Lama. Since Kathmandu is a multi-religious city, there are more and more pagodas and towers sprouting. A fact here is the number of pagodas more than residential, more Buddha statues than people. According to statistics there are about 2700 pagodas. With that characteristic, Kathmandu is also known as the “City of Pagodas”. To the west the city also has a historic stupa about 2500 years old named Svalbard. In addition, the city center is about 8km east of the town and has another ancient stupa called Pertie.
Some people said: “The streets in Kathmandu City were like the roads of the country which have a history of Nepal.” In Kathmandu, no matter what aspect: history, culture, religion, race… is also the miniature model of the country of Nepal.
The city of Patan, Nepal, is also one of the cities in the Kathmandu valley. Patan, in the city of Kathmandu 5km south of the town, was founded around 298 BC as the oldest city in Nepal. In the past, Patan is the most prosperous commercial center in Kathmandu Valley. The entire city was designed according to Buddhist architecture. The palace is arranged in a central location, surrounded by Buddhist towers, in the center of the city there is a porcelain tower which carries the pure place of Buddha. Royal palace, where the king of the price consisted of a chartered palace system. The city of Patan has not only 136 large pagodas, but also 55 thatched-roof temples, so the Nepali people also call Patan by the bold name “The Flower of the arts”.
The Bukkong city of Bhaktapur, also known as the Sanskrit word for “The Creed City”, is located in Kathmandu 12kmm to the east, built in 389 BC. In the XIII century, the Mara dynasty had been defined in the city. By the year 1768, Bhaktapur became the political and cultural center of Nepal, which is also the birthplace of Nepal’s architecture and art.
Coming to Bhaktabu, visitors will not be overwhelmed by the magnificent palace of the Mara dynasty, comprising 55. The Kathmandu Valley has become the rendezvous point of visitors worldwide by 2700 pagodas and many other attractions are at the same time. The attraction in each temple can be carved in the delicate pattern sculpted on the pillars of the wood and top of the copper, red brick walls, and the layout of alternating the keys also made the special sight of the Kathmandu valley. Contribute to the Valley view, such as the rich lacquer painting that is the stupa, the Indian tower and the Vihara caves.